Jean-Christophe Sandoz

CNRS Research Director (PhD, Habilitation)
Perception, learning and memory in honeybees – Evolution and neural plasticity

Phone : + 33 1 69 15 68 09
Fax : + 33 1 69 82 37 36
E-mail : jean-christophe.sandoz /at/

Banière pour page perso JC Sandoz


  • The dual olfactory system of honeybees: function of an hymenopteran specificity
  • Genetic, behavioural and neural basis of appetitive and aversive learning in bees 
  • Evolution of the neural basis of pheromonal sexual communication in bees
  • Evolution of an olfactory subsystem subtending social recognition in social hymenoptera


  • Prof. M. Giurfa, Dr. J.M. Devaud: Research Center for Animal Cognition, CNRS, University of Toulouse
  • Prof. C.G. Galizia, Dr. C.J. Kleineidam: Universität Konstanz, Germany
  • Prof. W. Gronenberg: University of Arizona, USA
  • Prof. M. Mizunami, Dr. Y. Matsumoto: Hokkaido University, Japan
  • Dr. H. Ai: Fukuoka University, Japan
  • Prof M. Beye, Universität Düsseldorf, Germany
  • Dr. A. Haase, University of Trento, Italy
  • Prof. N. Königer et Dr. G. Königer: Universität Würzburg, Germany
  • Prof. R. Scheiner et Prof. T. Schmitt: Universität Würzburg, Germany
  • Dr. D. Thiéry: INRA SAVE, Bordeaux, France
  • Dr. G. Coureaud, Dr. T. Thomas-Danguin: CSGA, Dijon, France
  • Dr. C. Collet, Dr. Y. Le Conte: INRA Abeille et Environnement, Avignon, France
  • Dr. P. Charnet: CNRS, Montpellier, France
  • Dr. E. Jacquin-Joly, Dr. N. Montagné, Dr. T.Chertemps: iEES, Paris, France
  • Prof. P. d’Ettorre, Dr. F. Savarit: LEEC, Villetaneuse, France
  • Prof. S. Floquet : UVSQ, Versailles, France
  • Dr. D. Touboul : ICSN, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France


  1. Valadares, L., Bueno da Silva, I., Costa-Leonardo, A.M., Sandoz, J.C. (2023). Differentiation of workers into soldiers is associated with a size reduction of higher-order brain centers in the neotropical termite Procornitermes araujoi. Scientific Reports, 13 (1), 18279, 1-11.
  2. Couto, A., Marty, S., Dawson, E.H., d’Ettorre, P., Sandoz, J.C.*, Montgomery, S.H.* (2023). Evolution of the neuronal substrate for kin recognition in social Hymenoptera. Biological Reviews, 98, 2226–2242.
  3. Carcaud, J., Sandoz, J.C. (2023). Insect Neuroethology: more than behavior and neurons. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 57, 101037, 1-3.
  4. Mariette, J., Noël, A., Louis, T., Montagné, N., Chertemps, T., Jacquin-Joly, E., Marion-Poll, F., Sandoz, J.C. (2023). Transcuticular calcium imaging as a tool for the functional study of insect odorant receptors. Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 16, 1182361, 1-14.
  5. Carcaud, J., Otte, M., Grünewald, B., Haase, A.*, Sandoz, J.C.*, Beye, M.* (2023). Multisite imaging of neural activity using a genetically encoded calcium sensor in the honey bee. PLoS Biology, 21(1): e3001984, 1-20.
  6. Piqueret, B., Montaudon, E., Devienne, P., Leroy, C., Marangoni, E., Sandoz, J.C.*, d’Ettorre, P.* (2023). Ants act as olfactory bio-detectors of tumours in patient-derived xenograft mice. Proceedings of the Royal Society B (in press).
  7. Piqueret, B., Sandoz, J.C., d’Ettorre, P. (2023). Disease detection using animal olfaction: the neglected potential of invertebrates. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution (in press)
  8. Policarpo, M., Bemis, K.E., Laurenti, P., Legendre, L., Sandoz, J.C., Rétaux, S., Casane, D. (2022). Coevolution of the olfactory organ and its receptor repertoire in ray-finned fishes. BMC Biology, 20:195, 1-10.
  9. Cholé, H., Merlin, A., Henderson, N., Paupy, E., Mahé, P., Arnold, G., Sandoz, J.C. (2022). Antenna movements as a function of odorants’ biological value in honeybees (Apis mellifera L.). Scientific Reports, 12, 11674, 1-16.
  10. Valadares, L., Vieira, B.G., Santos do Nascimento, F., Sandoz, J.C. (2022). Brain size and behavioral specialization in the jataí stingless bee (Tetragonisca angustula). Journal of Comparative Neurology, 530 (13), 2304-2314.
  11. Piqueret, B., Bourachot, B., Leroy, C., Devienne, P., Mechta-Grigoriou, F., d’Ettorre, P. *, Sandoz, J.C.* (2022). Ants detect cancer cells through volatile organic compounds. iScience, 25(3), 103959, 1-12.
  12. Coureaud, G., Thomas-Danguin, T., Sandoz, J.C., Wilson, D.A. (2022). Biological constraints on configural odour mixture perception. Journal of Experimental Biology, 225(6): jeb242274, 1-10.
  13. Bestea, L., Briard, E., Carcaud, J., Sandoz, J.C., Velarde, R., Giurfa, M., de Brito Sanchez, M.G. (2022). Short neuropeptide F (sNPF) promotes the acquisition and formation of visual memories in honey bees. Biology Letters, 18, 20210520, 1-5. [pdf]
  14. Bestea, L., Paoli, M., Arrufat, P., Carcaud, J., Sandoz, J.C., Velarde, R., Giurfa, M., de Brito Sanchez, M.G. (2022). The short neuropeptide F regulates appetitive but not aversive responsiveness in a social insect. iScience, 25(1):103619. [pdf]
  15. Couto, A., Arnold, G., Ai, H., Sandoz, J.C. (2021). Interspecific variation of antennal lobe composition among four hornet species. Scientific Reports, 11, 20883, 1-12. [pdf]
  16. Mertes, M., Carcaud, J., Sandoz, J.C. (2021). Olfactory coding in the antennal lobe of the bumble bee Bombus terrestris. Scientific Reports, 11, 10947, 1-14. [pdf]
  17. Bestea, L., Réjaud, A., Sandoz, J.C., Carcaud, J., Giurfa, M., de Brito Sanchez, M. G. (2021). Peripheral taste detection in honey bees: what do taste receptors respond to? European Journal of Neuroscience, 54 (2), 4417-4444. [pdf]
  18. Policarpo M., Bemis K.E., Tyler J.C., Metcalfe C.J., Laurenti P., Sandoz J.C., Rétaux S., Casane D. (2021). Evolutionary dynamics of the OR gene repertoire in teleost fishes: evidence of an association with changes in olfactory epithelium shape. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 38, 3742-3753. [pdf]
  19. Mariette, J., Carcaud, J., Sandoz, J.C. (2021). The neuroethology of olfactory sex communication in the honeybee Apis mellifera. Cell and Tissue Research, 383, 177–194. [pdf]
  20. Wycke, M.A. Coureaud, G., Thomas-Danguin, T., Sandoz, J.C. (2020). Configural perception of a binary olfactory mixture in honey bees as in humans, rodents and newborn rabbits. Journal of Experimental Biology[pdf]
  21. Lai, Y., Despouy, E., Sandoz, J.C., Su, S., de Brito Sanchez, G., Giurfa, M. (2020). Degradation of an appetitive olfactory memory via devaluation of sugar reward is mediated by 5-HT 2 signaling in the honey bee. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 107278, 1-13. [pdf]
  22. Junca, P., Garnery, L., Sandoz, J.C. (2019). Genotypic trade-off between appetitive and aversive capacities in honeybees. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1-14. [pdf]
  23. Piqueret, B., Sandoz, J.C., d’Ettorre, P. (2019). Ants learn fast and do not forget: olfactory associative learning and extinction in Formica fusca. Royal Society Open Science, 6: 190778, 1-11. [pdf]
  24. Cholé, H., Carcaud, J., Mazeau, H., Famié, S., Arnold, G., Sandoz, J.C. (2019). Social contact acts as appetitive reinforcement and supports associative learning in honeybees. Current Biology, 29(8), 1407-1413. [pdf]
  25. Yanagawa, A., Couto, A., Sandoz, J.C., Hata, T., Mitra, A., Ali Agha, M., Marion-Poll, F. (2019). LPS perception through a taste-induced reflex in Drosophila. Journal of Insect Physiology, 112, 39-47. [pdf]
  26. Bastin, F., Couto, A. , Larcher, V., Phiancharoen, M., Koeniger, G., Koeniger, N., Sandoz, J.C. (2018). Marked inter-specific differences in the neuroanatomy of the male olfactory system of honey bees (genus Apis). Journal of Comparative Neurology, 526, 3020-3034. [pdf]
  27. Brand, P., Larcher, V., Couto, A., Sandoz, J.C.*, Ramirez, S.* (2018). Sexual dimorphism in visual and olfactory brain centers in the perfume-collecting orchid bee Euglossa dilemma (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Journal of Comparative Neurology, 526, 2068–2077.  [pdf]
  28. Mancini, N., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C., Avarguès-Weber, A. (2018). Aminergic neuromodulation of associative visual learning in harnessed honey bees. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 155, 556-567. [pdf]
  29. Carcaud, J., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2018). Differential processing by two olfactory subsystems in the honeybee brain. Neuroscience, 378, 33-48. [pdf]
  30. Oulhaci, C.M., Denis, B., Kilani-Morakchi, S., Sandoz, J.C., Kaiser-Arnaud, L., Joly, D., Aribi, N. (2017). Azadirachtin effects on mating success, gametic abnormalities and progeny survival in Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera). Pest Management Science, 74, 174-180. [pdf]
  31. Bastin, F., Savarit, F., Lafon, G., Sandoz, J.C. (2017). Age-specific olfactory attraction between Western honey bee drones (Apis mellifera) and its chemical basis. PLoS ONE, 12(10), e0185949, 1-22. [pdf]
  32. Buatois, A., Pichot, C., Schultheiss, P., Sandoz, J.C., Lazzari, C.R., Chittka, L., Avarguès-Weber, A., Giurfa, M. (2017). Associative visual learning by tethered bees in a controlled visual environment. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 12903, 1-19. [pdf]
  33. d’Ettorre, P., Deisig, N., Sandoz, J.C. (2017). Decoding ants’ olfactory system sheds light on the evolution of social communication. Commentary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 114(34), 8911-8913. [pdf]
  34. Bastin, F., Cholé, H., Lafon, G., Sandoz, J.C. (2017). Virgin queen attraction toward males in honey bees. Scientific Reports, 7(1): 6293,1-11. [pdf]
  35. Aribi, N., Oulhaci, C.M., Kilani-Morakchi, S., Sandoz, J.C., Kaiser-Arnaud, L., Denis, B., Joly, D. (2017). Azadirachtin impact on mate choice, female sexual receptivity and male activity in Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 143, 95-101. [pdf]
  36. Couto, A., Mitra, A., Thiéry, D., Marion-Poll, F., Sandoz, J.C. (2017). Hornets have it: a conserved olfactory subsystem for social recognition in Hymenoptera? Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 11: 48, 1-12. [pdf]
  37. Rousset, M., Collet, C., Cens, T., Bastin, F., Raymond-Delpech, V., Massou, I., Menard, C., Thibaud, J.B., Charreton, M., Vignes, M., Chahine, M., Sandoz, J.C., Charnet, P. (2017). Honeybee locomotion is impaired by Am-CaV3 low voltage-activated Ca2+ channel antagonist. Scientific Reports, 7:41782, 1-10. [pdf].
  38. Couto, A., Lapeyre, B., Thiéry, D., Sandoz, J.C. (2016). The olfactory pathway of the hornet Vespa velutina: new insights into the evolution of the hymenopteran antennal lobe. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 11: 2335-2359. [pdf]
  39. Carcaud, J., Giurfa, M., Sandoz J.C. (2016). Parallel olfactory processing in the honey bee brain: odor learning and generalization under selective lesion of a projection neuron tract. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 9:75, 1-13. [pdf]
  40. Charreton, M., Decourtye, A., Henry, M., Rodet, G., Sandoz, J.C., Charnet, P., Collet, C. (2015). A locomotor deficit induced by sublethal doses of pyrethroid and neonicotinoid insecticides in the honeybee Apis mellifera. PLoS ONE, 10(12): e0144879, 1-14. [pdf]
  41. Devaud, J.M., Papouin, T. Carcaud, J., Sandoz, J.C., Grünewald, B., Giurfa, M. (2015). A neural substrate for higher-order learning in an insect: mushroom bodies are necessary for configural discriminations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 112 (43), E5854–E5862. [pdf]
  42. Junca, P., Sandoz, J.C. (2015). Heat perception and aversive learning in honey bees: putative involvement of the thermal/chemical sensor AmHsTRPA. Frontiers in Physiology, 6: 316, 1-15. [pdf]
  43. Cholé, H., Junca, P., Sandoz, J.C. (2015). Appetitive but not aversive olfactory conditioning modifies antennal movements in honey bees. Learning and Memory, 22, 604-616. [pdf]
  44. Carcaud, J., Giurfa, M., Sandoz J.C. (2015). Differential combinatorial coding of pheromones in two olfactory subsystems of the honeybee brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 35, 4157-4167. [pdf]
  45. Roselino, A.C., Hrncir, M., da Cruz Landim, C., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2015). Sexual dimorphism and phenotypic plasticity in the antennal lobe of a stingless bee Melipona scutellaris. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 523, 1461-1473. [pdf]
  46. Schubert, M., Sandoz, J.C., Galizia, C.G., Giurfa, M. (2015). Odorant dominance in olfactory mixture processing: what makes a strong odorant? Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 282 (1802), 1-10. [pdf]
  47. Cens, T., Rousset, M., Collet, C., Charreton, M., Garnery, L., Le Conte, Y., Chahine, M., Sandoz, J.C., Charnet, P. (2015). Molecular characterization and functional expression of the voltage dependent Ca2+ channels from the honeybee Apis mellifera. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 58, 12-27. [pdf]
  48. Couto, A., Monceau, K., Bonnard, O., Thiéry, D., Sandoz, J.C. (2014). Olfactory attraction of the hornet Vespa velutina to honeybee colony odors and pheromones. PLoS ONE, 9(12): e115943, 1-19. [pdf]
  49. Junca, P., Carcaud, J., Moulin, S., Garnery, L., Sandoz, J.C. (2014). Genotypic influence on aversive conditioning in honeybees, using a novel thermal reinforcement procedure. PLoS ONE, 9(5), e97333, 1-13. [pdf]
  50. Roussel, E., Carcaud, J., Combe, M., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2014). Olfactory coding in the honeybee lateral horn. Current Biology, 24, 561-567. [pdf]
  51. Matsumoto, Y., Sandoz, J.C., Devaud, J.M., Lormant, F., Mizunami, M., Giurfa, M. (2014). Cyclic nucleotide–gated channels, calmodulin, adenylyl cyclase and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II are required for late but not early long-term memory formation in the honey bee. Learning and Memory 21, 272-286. [pdf]
  52. Brandstaetter, A.S., Bastin, F., Sandoz, J.C. (2014). Honeybee drones are attracted by groups of consexuals in a walking simulator. Journal of Experimental Biology, 217, 1278-1285. [pdf]
  53. Mota, T., Gronenberg, W., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2013). Chromatic processing in the anterior optic tubercle of the honeybee brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 4-16. [pdf]
  54. Lefer, D., Perisse, E., Hourcade, B., Sandoz, J.C., Devaud, J.M. (2013). Two waves of transcription are required for long-term memory in the honeybee. Learning and Memory, 20, 29-33. [pdf]
  55. Matsumoto, Y., Menzel, R., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M. (2012). Revisiting olfactory classical conditioning of the proboscis extension response in honey bees: a step toward standardized procedures. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 211, 159-167. [pdf]
  56. Carcaud, J., Hill, T., Giurfa, M., Sandoz J.C. (2012). Differential coding by two olfactory subsystems in the honey bee brain. Journal of Neurophysiology, 108, 1106-1121. [pdf]
  57. Galizia, C.G., Franke, T., Menzel, R., Sandoz, J.C. (2012). Optical imaging of concealed brain activity using a gold mirror in honeybees. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58(5), 743-749. [pdf]
  58. Deisig, N, Kropf, J. Vitecek, S., Pevergne, D., Rouyar, A., Sandoz, J.C., Lucas, P., Gadenne, C. Anton, S., Barrozo, R. (2012). Differential interactions of sex pheromone and plant odour in the olfactory pathway of a male moth. PLoS ONE, 7(3), e33159, 1-10. [pdf]
  59. Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2012). Invertebrate learning and memory: fifty years of olfactory conditioning of the proboscis extension response in honeybees. Learning and Memory, 19, 54-66. [pdf]
  60. Arenas, A., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C., Hourcade, B., Devaud, J.M., Farina, W.M. (2012). Early olfactory experience induces structural changes in the primary olfactory centre of an insect brain. European Journal of Neuroscience, 35(5), 682-690. [pdf]
  61. Sandoz, J.C. (2011). Behavioral and neurophysiological study of olfactory perception and learning in the honeybee. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 5: 98, 1-20. [pdf]
  62. Mota, T., Roussel, E., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M. (2011). Visual aversive conditioning of the sting extension reflex in harnessed honeybees. Journal of Experimental Biology, 214: 3577-3587. [pdf]
  63. Mota, T., Yamagata, N., Giurfa, M., Gronenberg, W., Sandoz, J.C. (2011). Neural organization and visual processing in the anterior optic tubercle of the honeybee brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 31: 11443-11456. [pdf]
  64. Mota, T., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2011). Color modulates olfactory learning in honeybees by an occasion setting mechanism. Learning and Memory, 18: 144-155. [pdf]
  65. Hourcade, B., Muenz, T.M., Sandoz J.C., Rössler W., Devaud, J.M. (2010). Long-term memory leads to synaptic reorganization in mushroom bodies: a memory trace in the insect brain? Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 6461-6465. [pdf]
  66. Roussel, E., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M. (2010) Searching for learning-dependent changes in the antennal lobe: simultaneous recording of neural activity and aversive olfactory learning in honeybees. Frontiers in Behavioural Neuroscience, 4:155, 1-15. [pdf]
  67. Deisig, N., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2010). Antennal lobe processing increases separability of odor mixture representations in the honeybee. Journal of Neurophysiology, 103, 2185-2194. [pdf]
  68. Dupuy F., Josens R., Giurfa M., Sandoz, J.C. (2010). Calcium imaging in the ant Camponotus fellah reveals a conserved odour-similarity space in insects and mammals. BMC Neuroscience, 11:28, 1-13. [pdf]
  69. Giurfa, M., Fabre, E., Flaven-Pouchon, J., Groll, H., Oberwallner, B., Vergoz, V , Roussel, E., Sandoz, J.C. (2009).Olfactory conditioning of the sting extension reflex in honeybees: memory dependence on trial number, interstimulus interval, intertrial interval, and protein synthesis. Learning and Memory, 16, 761-765. [pdf]
  70. Hourcade, B., Perisse, E., Devaud, J.M., Sandoz, J.C. (2009). Long-term olfactory memory shapes the primary olfactory centre of an insect brain. Learning and Memory, 16, 607-615. [pdf]
  71. Arenas, A., Giurfa, M., Farina, W., Sandoz, J.C. (2009). Early olfactory experience modifies neural activity in the antennal lobe of a social insect at the adult stage. European Journal of Neuroscience 30, 1498-1508. [pdf]
  72. Bernadou A., Démares F., Couret-Fauvel T., Sandoz J.C., Gauthier M. (2009). Effect of fipronil on side-specific antennal tactile learning in the honeybee. Journal of Insect Physiology, 55, 1099-1106. [pdf]
  73. Perisse, E., Raymond-Delpech, V., Néant, I., Matsumoto, Y., Leclerc, C., Moreau, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2009). Early calcium increase triggers olfactory long-term memory formation in honeybees. BMC Biology, 7:30, 1-9. [pdf]
  74. Carcaud, J., Roussel, E., Giurfa, M., Sandoz, J.C. (2009) Odour aversion after olfactory conditioning of the sting extension reflex in honeybees. Journal of Experimental Biology, 212, 620-626. [pdf]
  75. Roussel, E., Carcaud, J., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M. (2009) Reappraising social insect behavior through aversive responsiveness and learning. PLoS ONE 4, e4197, 1-9. [pdf]
  76. Sandoz, J.C., Deisig, N., de Brito Sanchez, G., Giurfa, M. (2007). Understanding the logics of pheromone processing in the honeybee brain: from labeled-lines to across-fiber patterns. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 1:5, 1-12. [pdf]
  77. Vergoz, V., Roussel, E., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M. (2007). Aversive learning in honeybees revealed by the olfactory conditioning of the sting extension reflex. PLoS ONE, 3, e288, 1-10. [pdf]
  78. Jørgensen, K., Stranden, M., Sandoz, J.C., Menzel, R., Mustaparta, H. (2007). Effects of two bitter substances on olfactory conditioning in the moth Heliothis virescens. Journal of Experimental Biology 210, 2563-2573. [pdf]
  79. Deisig, N., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M., Lachnit, H. (2007). The trial-spacing effect in olfactory patterning discriminations in honeybees. Behavioural Brain Research, 176, 314-322. [pdf]
  80. Sandoz, J.C. (2006). Odour-evoked responses to queen pheromone components and to plant odours using optical imaging in the antennal lobe of the honey bee drone Apis mellifera L. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 3587-3598. [pdf]
  81. Deisig, N., Giurfa, M., Lachnit, H., Sandoz, J.C. (2006). Neural representation of olfactory mixtures in the honeybee antennal lobe. European Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 1161-1174. [pdf]
  82. Dupuy, F., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M., Josens, R. (2006). Individual learning in Camponotus ants. Animal Behaviour, 72, 1081-1091. [pdf]
  83. Guerrieri, F., Schubert, M., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M. (2005). Generalisation and perceptual similarity among odours in the honeybee, PLoS Biology, 3, e60, 1-15. [pdf]
  84. Komischke, B., Sandoz, J.C., Malun, D., Giurfa, M. (2005). Partial unilateral lesions of the mushroom bodies affect olfactory learning in honeybees Apis mellifera L. European Journal of Neuroscience, 21, 477-485. [pdf]
  85. Châline, N., Sandoz, J.C., Jones, G.R., Martin, S.J., Ratnieks, F.L.W. (2005). Learning and discrimination of individual cuticular hydrocarbons by honey bees (Apis mellifera). Chemical senses, 30, 1-9. [pdf]
  86. Skiri, H.T., Stranden, M., Sandoz, J.C., Menzel, R., Mustaparta, H. (2005). Associative learning of plant odorants activating the same or different receptor neurons in the moth Heliothis virescens Journal of Experimental Biology, 208, 787-796. [pdf]
  87. Cook, S.M., Sandoz, J.C., Martin, A.P., Murray, D.A., Poppy, G.M., Williams, I.H. (2005). Could pollen odours play a role in the foraging behaviour of the honeybee (Apis mellifera)? Physiological Entomology, 30, 164-174. [pdf]
  88. Sandoz, J.C., Pham-Delègue, M.H. (2004) Spontaneous recovery after extinction of the conditioned proboscis extension response in the honey bee. Learning and Memory, 11, 586-597. [pdf]
  89. Sandoz, J.C., Galizia, C.G., Menzel, R. (2003) Side-specific olfactory conditioning leads to more specific odor representation between sides but not within sides in the honeybee antennal lobes. Neuroscience, 120, 1137-1148. [pdf]
  90. Komischke, B., Sandoz, J.C., Giurfa, M., Lachnit, H. (2003) Non-elemental processing in olfactory discrimination tasks needs bilateral input in honeybees. Behavioral Brain Research, 145, 135-143. [pdf]
  91. Kaiser L., Perez-Maluf, R., Sandoz, J.C., Pham-Delègue, M.H. (2003) Dynamics of odor learning involved in a host-searching behavior by a Hymenopterous parasitoid. Animal Behaviour, 66, 1077-84. [pdf]
  92. Deisig, N., Lachnit, H., Sandoz, J.C., Lober, K., Giurfa, M. (2003) A modified version of the unique cue theory accounts for olfactory compound processing in honeybees. Learning & Memory, 10, 199-208. [pdf]
  93. Bonod, I., Sandoz, J.C., Loublier, Y., Pham-Delègue, M.H. (2003) Learning and discrimination of honey odours by the honey bee. Apidologie 34, 147-159. [pdf]
  94. Sandoz, J.C., Hammer, M., Menzel, R. (2002) Side-specificity of olfactory learning in the honey bee: US input side. Learning & Memory, 9, 337-348. [pdf]
  95. Sandoz, J.C., Menzel, R. (2001) Side-specificity of olfactory learning in the honey bee: generalisation between odours and sides. Learning & Memory, 8, 286-294. [pdf]
  96. Sandoz, J.C., Pham-Delègue, M.H., Renou, M., Wadhams, L.J. (2001) Asymmetrical generalisation between pheromonal and floral odours in appetitive olfactory conditioning of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 187, 559-568. [pdf]
  97. Sandoz, J.C., Laloi, D., Odoux, J.F., Pham-Delègue, M. H. (2000) Transfer of an olfactory information in different contexts in the honey bee: compared efficiency of classical conditioning and early exposure. Animal Behaviour, 59, 1025-1034. [pdf]
  98. Laloi, D., Sandoz, J.C., Picard-Nizou, A.L., Marchesi, A., Pouvreau, A., Taséi, J.N., Poppy, G., Pham-Delègue, M.H. (1999). Olfactory conditioning of the proboscis extension in bumble bees, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 90, 123-129. [pdf]
  99. Le Métayer, M., Marion-Poll, F., Sandoz, J.C., Pham-Delègue, M.H., Blight, M.M., Wadhams, L.J., Masson, C., Woodcock, C.M. (1997). Effect of conditioning on discrimination of oilseed rape volatiles by the honeybee: use of a gas chromatography-proboscis extension behavioural assay. Chemical Senses, 22, 391-398. [pdf]
  100. Pham-Delègue, M.H., Blight, M.M., Kerguelen, V., Le Métayer, M., Marion-Poll, F., Sandoz, J.C., Wadhams, L.J. (1997). Discrimination of oilseed rape volatiles by the honeybee: combined chemical and biological approaches. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 83, 87-92. [pdf]
  101. Sandoz, J.C., Roger, B., Pham-Delègue, M.H. (1995). Olfactory learning and memory in the honeybee: comparison of different classical conditioning procedures of the proboscis extension response. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris, série III, 318, 749-755. [pdf]
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