Evolution and genomes

Team Leaders: Clément Gilbert and Arnaud Le Rouzic

Keywords:Symbiotic and holobiotic interactions, Processes of genome evolution, Selfish genetic elements, Gene network modelling, Molecular evolution, Genotype-phenotype interactions

Genomes are by nature highly polymorphic. The results from genomics have highlighted the natural variability between genomes and their component parts at different levels: cells, organisms, populations and species. This variability shows the clear evolutionary impact of the dynamic nature of the various genetic elements, and many projects aim to provide new knowledge about the underlying processes.

We are interested in the evolution of the genome and of its components, in particular genes, selfish DNA, viruses, polyploidisation. We aim to decipher how interactions between them can shape the genome, and participate to species adaptation. To answer these questions , we develop and combine a wide range of approaches that are both traditional and very recent in molecular, genomic and transcriptomic genetics, bioinformatics, mathematics and experimental evolution.

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